Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease. It is a silent, persistent bacterial infection around the gums and the bone that support your teeth. The symptoms of this disease include red, swollen and tender gums, gums that bleed after brushing or flossing, persistent bad breath, pain while chewing, and loose teeth. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Additionally, it may have great effects on your general health.
Conditions linked to Gum Disease (periodontal disease):
- Respiratory Infections
- Severe Osteopenia (reduction in bone mass)
- Pregnancy complications
- Oral Cancer
- Heart Disease
- Uncontrolled Diabetes
Checking for Gum Disease
A member of your dental team can determine if you have periodontal disease by performing a quick and relatively painless test to measure the size and depth of the pockets in the gums. Pockets of 5mm or more may indicate an infection. You can prevent gum disease by visiting the dentist or periodontist every 4-6 months, brushing and flossing regularly, and using a recommended antiseptic mouthwash.